Man Tiger Conflict and Tiger Casualties

Posted by: Seema Khinnavar on

52 tigers killed in 2000
72 tigers killed in 2001
46 tigers killed in 2002
38 tigers killed in 2003
38 tigers killed in 2004
46 tigers killed in 2005
37 tigers killed in 2006
27 tigers killed in 2007
29 tigers killed in 2008
32 tigers killed in 2009

"We enter the Jangle for searching food and the tiger killed us . . . beside . . . the tiger came to our village we killed the tiger. The situation is endangered now. We need to be a good solution. Since the 1980 to 2010 Tigers have killed 116 people and villager have killed 7 tiger within 11 years in the Sunderbans under the district of Satkhira according to forestry officials. We know the dangers of the forest but cannot do anything else to survive."
-Abul Sarder, Villager who narrowly escape from the tiger attack
"One of the world's largest tiger populations could disappear by the end of this century as rising sea levels caused by climate change destroy their habitat along the coast of Bangladesh in an area known as the Sunderbans."

-Recent study of WWF

Global Warming has led to an increase in tiger man conflict in the Sunderbans. Due to a 45 cm rise in the water, the salinity levels in the Sunderbans have increased drastically. This has forced the tiger to move towards the northern (more densely populated parts) of the Sunderbans resulting in an increase in tiger man conflict.

Two fishermen were attacked by a tiger in the Sunderbans on 25th of August, 2009. One was killed while the other was seriously injured. There has been an increase in the attacks in the Sunderbans lately because of lack prey. Yet there have been no sincere attempts from the government's end to build a good prey base.

30 year old Gurum Shrirame was killed by a tiger in Chandrapur on April 2nd 2010; when he had gone to the forest to collect Mahua flowers.

January 2009
The Zoological Society of London is going to train stray dogs to keep the tiger at bay in the Sunderbans. This will eventually help in protecting the tiger from humans and deterring it from attacking them.

December 2009
A Chinese villager has been jailed for 12 years on the crime of killing and probably eating a rare Indo Chinese Tiger. Kang, the villager belonging to southern province of Yunnan had gone out for fishing and had encountered the tiger. He claims that he killed it in self defense and was ignorant of the fact that it could probably have been the only wild Indo Chinese tiger left in China. Four other men have also been jailed for sharing the meal and helping him to cover up the incident.

A male Siberian tiger wandered into a remote Russian village. The staff from WWF - Russia was called because the tiger just refused to leave!

The Forest Department of Uttarakhand assisted by Wildlife Protection Society of India seized 20 wild animal skins on 4th June 2010. This included 14 goral skins, one Eurasian Otter skin and 5 skins of the barking dear. An increase in the poaching of tiger prey will eventually lead to a greater conflict between the man and the tiger.

A tiger skin was seized from a contractor in Kolhapur in an operation by the Panhala police on 1st June 21, 2010. The skin was said to be 3 years old. Coincidently, a ten year old male was found dead in Anamalai Park in Tamil Nadu.

2 tiger cubs were killed in Ranthambhore National Park in March this year. Two villagers were arrested in the crime. The villagers claimed that the tigers had been hunting down their livestock (as it was easy prey) hence they had poisoned a goat and tied it as a bait for the tigers. On being questioned by the media, the villagers naively replied that the tiger had killed almost 20 of their livestock and hence they should have killed twenty more tigers. The villagers are so backward that they haven't even seen a train yet and were introduced to electricity only last year.

A 17 year old girl was killed in Bandhavgarh National Park on 30th March 2010. She had gone to collect Mahua from the forest and unfortunately wandered too close to where the tigress had made a kill. Feeling threatened, the tigress had made killed the girl.

In a raid conducted by West Midlands Police and Customs and Excise investigators, a tiger and other animal's body parts were found in a suburban garage freezer. 52-year-old - Mr. Dudley has been charged with 10 counts relating to trading in endangered animals and breaching customs regulations.

Corbett Tiger Reserve - 9th April 2009
A carcass of an adult male tiger was found in the North Kheri region of Jim Corbett tiger reserve. The cause of the tiger's death could not be ascertained because the body was over 48 ours old and all the internal organs had decomposed.

A six year old male died in a trap put up by poachers in Corbett National Park in February this year.

A Siberian tiger ate 3 out of four cubs in a Central China zoo. Bloodstains were found all over the cage and the zoo authorities claimed that it was natural for the tigress to kill her own cubs if she was unable to feed them. The fourth cub was removed from her cage for safety reasons and a dog is currently acting as its foster mother.

A female tiger cub was found dead in the Sondar region of the Kanha National Park on June 6 2010. A tear mark was found on its abdomen and the death was supposedly caused by a lesser carnivore (like a Jackal) The carcass was 22 days old and its Post Mortem report is awaited.

A 30 month old tigress died in the Tala region of Badhavgarh National Park in May19th 2010. The forest official reasoned out the cause of the death to be internal injuries due to a territorial fight with another female. But post mortem reports revealed that the tigress had been hit 3 - 4 hours before the death time by a vehicle speeding at 50 - 60 km/hr.

Earlier in April, a male tiger cub also died in Bandhavgarh National Park after being run over by a safari vehicle carrying foreign tourists.

An 8 year old tigress - Bandhvi died due to lung and kidney infection at Van Vihar National Park on 10th of June 2010.

Severe cold conditions leading to lung congestion proved fatal to two tiger cubs in Pench National Park on 24th December 2009.

A seven year old tiger was found dead at Pench National Park on 28th January 2010. During the Post Mortem, the liver and the kidney were enlarged to the point of poisoning.

A tiger was found dead in a ditch dug by poachers in Valmiki Tiger Reserve on March 12th 2010. The authorities claimed that nothing could be proven until the Post Mortem reports which are awaited.

Chimur Reserved Forest Officer BS Padve, arrested a Magaldas Madavi a villager who was found in possession of three tiger nails. During further investigation revealed that a tiger was killed in the Hirdi Nullah region of Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve. Six wire traps were found with 15 nooses each in the area. 20 tiger bones were also found at the same spot.

Chaprala Sanctuary in Gadhchiroli is one of the most neglected areas of the state; the last tiger was sighted in this area in 2003. But two tigers have decided to make it their home.

A 40 year old villager named Manda Todpakwar was killed by a tiger when she unwisely ventured deep into the forest to collect firewood. The incident happened near Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve on 6th February 2010.

A tiger was beaten to death by villagers in Abadchandipur near Sunderbans on 23rd January 2010. The tiger had entered the village in search of food and had entered the kitchen of a man named Korshad Ali. The villagers then locked the tiger inside and informed the forest officials. The forest officials said that they would bring tranquilizer guns to capture the tiger alive. But due to the unavailability of tranquilizer guns in the Khulna office, the villagers beat the tiger to death.

A tiger skin was seized from 3 traders in the Kozhikode district of Kerela in January 2010 in an undercover operation done by the Forest Department Officials of the Forest Flying Squad. Search is on to investigate who actually poached the tigers.

A fifteen year old male was found dead in the Kurichiyad forest range of the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary. According to the reports, the tiger had suffered from a severe worm infestation.

Four tigers died one after the other in the Corbett National Park's core
area within 31 days between December 2009 and January 2010.

The first casualty on the 13th of December was an 8 year-old male, found
in the Dhikala Chaur area of the park. The tiger had small blister like eruptions on its fur and it had defecated while dying. These samples were not tested. Although forest officials claim that the young tiger died due to respiratory and cardio - vascular problems, foul play has been suspected.

The second victim was an 11-year old tigress which was found by the Ramganga River close to Sarpduli rest house on 16 December. A shoe lace was found in the stomach of the tigress. According to forest officials, the tigress had been too hungry and was unable to hunt. Hence she was attracted to the leathery smell of the wet shoe and had chewed it. The undigested shoelace had remained in the stomach which was probably the cause of her death.

The third carcass of a four-year-old male was found on 5th January in
Phuli Chaur near Dhikala tourist complex. This young male died due to a territorial fight. His body had sharp canine wounds with traces of fur in his paw pads. To prove this point, a large male arrived to claim its territory at the very same spot.

The fourth death was reported on 12 January when beat guards found a
six-year-old tiger dead near Gaujra chowki at the edge of the Dhikala range. This tiger had vomited before dying and its internal organs bore all signs of poisoning.